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Whats is syringe and infusion pump?

October 27,2023

US FDA Definition:Infusion pumps are medical devices that deliver fluids, including nutrients and medications such as antibiotics, chemotherapy drugs, and pain relievers, into a patient’s body in controlled amounts.

Many types of pumps, including large volume, patient-controlled analgesia (PCA),Target Controlled Infusion( TCI ) , syringe, enteral, and insulin pumps, are used worldwide in healthcare facilities such as hospitals, and in the home.

Enteral pump - A pump used to deliver liquid nutrients and medications to a patient’s digestive tract.

Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump - A pump used to deliver pain medication, which is equipped with a feature that allows patients to self-administer a controlled amount of medication, as needed.

Insulin pump - A pump typically used to deliver insulin to patients with diabetes. Insulin pumps are frequently used in the home.

Infusion pumps may be powered electrically or mechanically. Different pumps operate in different ways. For example:

In a syringe pump, fluid is held in the reservoir of a syringe, and a moveable piston controls fluid delivery.

In an elastomeric pump, fluid is held in a stretchable balloon reservoir, and pressure from the elastic walls of the balloon drives fluid delivery.

In a peristaltic pump, a set of rollers pinches down on a length of flexible tubing, pushing fluid forward.

In a multi-channel pump, fluids can be delivered from multiple reservoirs at multiple rates.

A "smart pump" is equipped with safety features, such as user-alerts that activate when there is a risk of an adverse drug interaction, or when the user sets the pump's parameters outside of specified safety limits.